The occupation issues for Flanders and the Eastern Front were mostly the Germania issue with overprints, some areas in the east also issued local stamps when there was a shortage of the Germania stamps. These stamps were not for use by the German soldiers, but were intended for use by the local civilian population. As the civilian post used local postal personnel, it was considered not secure for German troops or German government agencies, therefore, German authorities used the Field Post, which was German run.
LANDESPOST IN BELGIEN (Civil post in Belgium)
The issue for Belgium consisted of the standard German stamps overprinted "Belgien" and the value in Centimes. Nine stamps went on sale 1st October 1914. A further sixteen stamps went on sale from May 1916 onwards, these replaced the first issue and had the word "Centimes" shortened to "Cents". This issue was also used in northern France.
The standard Germania stamps overprinted for use in Belgium
German pre-paid postcards overprinted "Belgien"
One of three postcards issued for the 1st anniv. of the occupation
ETAPPENGEBIET WEST ( Western Front area)
Etappengebiet West was the area between the frontline and the "Generalgovernement Belgien" and the parts of France occupied by Germany. These areas had used the occupation issues for Belgium up until this point and from 15th December 1916, the Belgian issues were no longer valid for this area.
Issued in the area directly behind the frontline, these stamps went on sale 1st December 1916 ( set contained 12 stamps, from 3 Cent to 2.50 Franc)
The issues for Belgium and Etappengebiet West were valid until two days after the end of WW1.
DEUTSCHE POST IN POLEN (German post in Poland)
The first issue for Poland was released 12th May 1915 and consisted of 5 German stamps overprinted "Russisch-Polen" (Russian-Poland). A year later a further issue overprinted this time with "Gen.-Gouv.-Warschau" was placed on sale, containing 11 stamps (some were issued in 1917 when postal rates changed). German occupied Poland had been renamed "General-Gouvernment of Warsaw". Both of these issues contained pre-paid postcards.
The first issue for Poland 1915
The second set, issued 1916-1917
LOKALPOST POLEN1915-1916 (Local postal issues in Poland)
Some local issues were tolerated by the German authorities during 1915-1916, these were mostly Sosnowice, Warsaw and Zawierce. The Germans would deliver the post to the nearest main post office and the civilian population were then expected to collect it themselves from the various post offices. These local issues were an additional charge and delivered the mail direct to the reciever.
LOCAL ISSUE FOR SOSNOWICE 1916
LOCAL ISSUE FOR WARSAW 1915-1916
The following stamps were issued between September 1915 and February 1916. A further set of four stamps were printed but not issued.
LOCAL ISSUE FOR ZAWIERCIE Issued on 10th January 1916 and withdrawn four days later on the 13th January 1916, by order of the German postal authorities
POSTGEBIET OBERBEFEHLSHABER OST (Postal area High Command East)
Occupation of the Baltic States. These stamps were issued to the civilian postal authorities and remained in use until the end of December 1918
A set containing 12 stamps issued from 15th January 1916
NOTAUSGABE DORPAT ( In Dorpat Russian stamps overprinted in Pfg were issued on 5th March 1918 and withdrawn two weeks later).
Dorpat Issue: On sale 5th March and withdrawn on 16th March, valid until the 22nd March 1918
The Dorpat pre-paid postcard
LOCAL ISSUE FOR BIALYSTOK 1916
This stamp came in two values, 25 Rfg (3rd July 1916) and later 1 RM (18th October 1916). The stamps were issued in miniture sheets of four stamps per sheet. Some 6,000 stamps in total were printed.
OTHER LOCAL ISSUES 1919
In January 1919 a set of six German stamps (Germania type) were placed on sale with the word LIBAU overprinted diagonal over the stamp. These were valid for the Libau area until the 31st March 1919, when they were withdrawn.
On 1st May 1919 five stamps, Russian and Ukrainian, were placed on sale in Grodno. The stamps were overprinted V P GRODNO in gothic script (Verbindungspost Grodno). Withdrawn from use on 17th June 1919.
LANDESBOTENPOST DER 10. ARMEE August-December 1918 ( Local postal delivery in the 10th Army area)
This issue was used in western Russia, mostly the Minsk area
DEUTSCHE MILITÄRVERWALTUNG IN RUMÄNIEN 1917-1918
(German Military Government in Rumania 1917-1918)
A set of three stamps issued on 1st June 1917 for use in the German occupied areas
Issued from the 2nd July 1917 onwards, this issue consisted of four stamps, the only difference being the changed style of overprint.
1st March 1918, a set of five stamps issued for the whole of Rumania. It should be noted that up until this date some parts of Rumania had been issued with stamps of Austria in the K.u.K. occupied areas.
A number of Rumanian stamps were overprinted and used as postage due and war tax stamps, here are three examples
Some stamps had nothing to do with postage, these were fiscal stamps or stamps used on official documents etc, but they still carried the same overprint
ETAPPENGEBIET DER 9. ARMEE
9th Army operational area 10th March 1918
A set of four stamps overprinted valid in 9th Army area
As with all the overprinted German stamps, pre-paid postcards were also available with the overprint