Die hier gezeigten Abzeichen sind zu edukativen Zwecken dargestellt, aus diesem Grund sind sie nicht abgedeckt. Weiterhin möchte ich auf den folgenden Discliamer aufmerksam machen:
Disclaimer: Die hier gezeigten Abbildungen aus der Zeit des "Dritten Reiches", u.a. mit dem damals obligatorischen "Hakenkreuz", dienen der Berichterstattung über Vorgänge des Zeitgeschehens, der staatsbürgerlichen Aufklärung sowie Forschung und Lehre (§ 86a, 86 StGB)
A picture taken yesterday (25th March 2013) during one of my many visits to Berlin. A city full of history in which I am always finding new topics to research for "Bills-Bunker". After the positive feedback regarding my research into the Horst Wessel story, I have decided to continue with the history of the SA and this time it is about Hans Maikowski and SA-Sturm 33/1.
Hans Maikowski was born in Berlin on the 23rd February 1908 and as a teenager was already a member of the "Sportsverein" Olympia, which was in effect a rightist defence group. According to Josef Goebbels, Hans Maikowski was already an active member of the SA by 1927 at the latest.
Josef Goebbels radio broadcast (5th February 1933). "Six years ago the Berlin SA returned from the Reichsparteitag in Nuremberg (1927) and its members were prompty arrested by the police, all items and flags were also confiscated. Only one youngster refused to give up his flag, which he had hidden under his brownshirt and had wrapped around his body. He fought tooth and nail until he had rescued his flag from the hands of the police. The youngster was called Hans Maikowski. One year later he was shot and wounded in a street fight and spent several weeks in a hospital, before taking command of Sturm 33 on the 20th February 1931 (three days before his 23rd birthday)".
This picture of Hans Maikowski is taken from a book published in 1933 written by his former SA comrades
The collar patch showing the "33" is wrong, although the other one shows the correct rank of SA-Sturmführer.It should have both the Sturm and the Standarte numbers separated by an oblique stroke (33/1).
Only two Gruppen wore black collar patches, Berlin-Brandenburg and Niederrhein.
Other pairs of Gruppen wore, red, blue, yellow or a host of other colours. Within the pairs one Gruppe would wear gold buttons and the other Gruppe silver buttons, Berlin-Brandenburg wore silver ones.
Maikowski is not wearing a shoulder strap because they became part of the uniform four months after Maikowski had been killed.
Otto Suhr Allee ( in 1933 known as Berliner Strasse )
On the 9th December 1931 Maikowski was involved in a shoot-out on the then named "Berliner Strasse". Maikowski´s involvement in this shooting forced him to flee abroad. He returned to Germany ten months later and the police arrested him in October 1932. Maikowski was released from prison during a Christmas amnesty in December 1932, he once again took up command of SA-Sturm 33.
Zille Strasse ( then known as "Wall Strasse" ) and the Otto Suhr Allee ( then "Berliner Strasse" ) were right in the heart of the SA-Sturm 33 territory
After meeting Hitler and taking part in the torchlight parade through the Brandenburg Gate on the evening of 30th January 1933, Hans Maikowski marched his SA-Sturm back to their area in Charlottenburg. They decided to route the march through Wall Strasse (now Zille Strasse) which was known to be a communist area.
Maikowski and Zauritz were killed outside Zille Strasse 52, which is now the entrance to a multi story car park, the houses and the bronze plaque placed there in 1933 have long since gone
Fighting broke out involving communists, police and SA men, some 300 people in total. SA-Sturmführer Hans Maikowski and Polizei-Oberwachmeister Josef Zauritz were killed during the shoot out. Were they murdered by communists or caught in a crossfire from SA comrades?
They may have been killed by an SA man called Alfred Buske, perhaps deliberately, due to an internal dispute. It is said that Buske was involved in other suspicious incidents. Alfred Buske´s name was removed from Sturm 33 paperwork and he was removed from a group photograph of Sturm 33 and replaced by a photograph of Paul Foyer. Alfred Buske died in 1934 of wounds received before 1933. (I recall reading ten years ago in a well known history forum that three SA men testified that Buske was the one who fired the shots, but sadly the police chief Kurt Daluge ordered the files on the case to be destroyed in February 1943).
There remains a lot of speculation and counter speculation, however all that we know for sure is that after the shooting some 56 communists were arrested and although none recieved the death sentence, all except one recieved prison sentences, even though none were accused directly with the murders.
Josef Goebbels, Berliner Sportpalast (10th February 1933) "The Red press state that Maikowski was shot by one of his own comrades, this is clearly a lie and will shortly be disproven".
A still from the 1933 film "SA-Mann Brand", showing SA marching though a district of Berlin and being attack by communists (inspired by Hans Maikowski).
Zauritzweg, re-named by the NS Regime in 1933, it has remained unchanged to this day. Wall Strasse was re-named "Maikowski Strasse" until it became Zille Strasse in 1947
The original plaque above the street name read "1897-1933", but this was changed on 16th November 2010 to read "geb.15.12.1897 - gest. 30.01.1933 (erschossen)" In English it means Born 15th Dec.1897 and died 30th Jan 1933 (shot)".
There was a debate in Germany to decide if the street name could remain unchanged. If it could be proven that Zauritz was a Nazi then the name would be removed, if however he was killed trying to stop the SA marching through the streets, then the street name could stay. But no one really knows why Zauritz was in Zille Strasse and there is a lot of speculation. No one now will ever know for sure, even educated investigations have used the word "möglicherweise" ( possibly or maybe ).
My own view is that the policeman Zauritz got in the way when Maikowski was the intended target. Was Zauritz trying to stop Buske? We must consider that the Nazis had just come to power, there had been a huge torchlight parade only hours before and the days of the communists in Berlin were numbered. Why should a policeman wish to defend KPD supporters when the writing was on the wall for all to see?
A view of the Zauritzweg, perhaps one of the few buildings in the area that members of the SA-Sturm 33 would have recognised in this part of Berlin today
Hebbel Strasse, it was in Hebbel Strasse that SA-Sturm 33 had their "Sturmlokal" or group meeting place in a local pub. It had been my intention to enjoy a beer in the same local
Another still from the film "SA-Mann Brand", the 1933 film starts off in the SA "Sturmlokal"
A View of Hebbel Strasse, on the left is a park built in the time of the Kaiser, in the middle of the shot are all that remains of the older buildings (numbers 1 to 6) and on the right some new post war buildings. Sadly Hebbel Strasse 20, the site of the SA-Sturm 33 Sturmlokal no longer exists
Another still from the film "SA-Mann Brand", a trilogy of films released in 1933. The others being "Hitlerjunge Quex" and "Hans Westmar".
In 1933 there were several unofficial prisons set up by the SA, known in German as "Wilde KZ". Near the Zille Strasse we find this one in the Loschmidt Strasse, the "Volkshaus" (Charlottenburger SPD)
Many of the KPD prisoners from the Zille Strasse were kept here. Loschmidt Strasse was known in 1933 as Rosinen Strasse.
The "Volkshaus" was occupied by the SA-Sturm 33 from March to November 1933 and became an "SA-Kasserne" or barracks with prisoners held and tortured in the cellars. In 1933 the building was re-named "Maikowski Haus", ( today it is a primary school).
A still from the 1933 documentary "Deutschland Erwacht" showing the body of Hans Maikowski shortly before his state funeral
Hans Maikowski was buried with full honours in the Ivalidenfriedhof in Berlin, his grave stone has since been removed. The grave is in section F, near the wall that runs along the Spandauer Kanal
The SA-Sturm 33 and the SA-Standarte 1, both carried the honour title "Maikowski". It should however be noted that even non-SA formations carried the honour title. In this picture you can see the Berlin camp of the German Labour Service RAD 4/92 "Hans Maikowski".
What remains of SA-Sturm 33 "Maikowski" today?
Apart from the films already mentioned, (which can with ease be found on the internet). The group had a very good choir and there are a number of sound recordings available on the internet or old 78rpm records, although the quality is not too good by todays standards.
Original recordings of all the major SA songs were made by Carl Woitschach Grosses Blasorchester and Sturm 33 "Maikowski". Another SA group with a choir at this time was the "Berliner SA-Sturm 5".