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A view of German stamps issued during 1938


26th January 1938. Official Stamps of the NSDAP


These stamps were valid for all NSDAP postal items.

Philatelists could purchase the stamps (unused) at the collector counter in Berlin,
but were not authorised to have any cancellations added.

From the 1st August 1938 the set was also valid in Austria and the Free State of Danzig.



28th January 1938. Five Years of NSDAP Government


The NSDAP came to power on 30th January 1933 and issued a set of two stamps
and a postcard for the occasion showing a torch bearer in front of the Brandenburg Gate.





8th April 1938. German Union with Austria Stamp Issue


Historical Background:


It was the goal of many Germans and Austrians after the defeat of 1918 for a unification of all German language speaking peoples. A move that was forbidden in the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, in fact Britain, France and Italy said they were prepared to go to war if Germany and Austria united.

The first attempt in 1934 by force failed and caused the banning of the Nazi Party in Austria for a while. Austrian Nazis were forbidden from wearing Brownshirts, so when they attended Nuremburg Rallies, they were the ones wearing white shirts. It was during the failed Putsch of 1934 that the Austrian leader Dollfuss was assassinated. The Italians blocked all attempts of unification during the 1930s, they did not wish to have a powerful united Germany on their northern borders.

Hitler decided that the only way was through a democratic ballot box, but first he must win over the Italian leader Mussolini, this was done in September 1937, when Mussolini visited Germany in a State visit. The way was now open and German troops crossed the border in the middle of March 1938 and Hitler followed shortly after, visiting both Vienna, Linz and Braunau am Inn, his birth place.

On the 10th April 1938 a national vote was held and the result for unification was a staggering 99.7% a result that even the Nazis were not expecting! Marching into Austria with the German army were thousands of uniformed members of the "Austrian Legion" (exiled Austrian Nazis). It was obvious that thousands of anti-Nazi exiles in Austria whould have to flee once again and hundreds, if not thousands of Austrians, including Jews, were rounded up shortly after the German entry into the country.

After the war a lot of Austrians have called it an occupation of Austria, but this is just an "Opt Out Clause" for the war guilt that Germany suffered. The fact remains that when the IMT (International Military Tribunal) in Nuremburg collected film footage and photos as exhibits of various German occupations of World War Two, none of the films and photos taken during the German march into Austria could be used, as the Austrian crowds were cheering and all smiles! In the film footage (if one looks online) it is of Hitler coming home to his Austria.


Philatelic Background:


The stamps show a German and an Austrian holding their flags, arm in arm. Although the stamps look alike, they are different. The one printed in Berlin has a swastika watermark and the one printed in Vienna has no watermark and the frame of the design in the Vienna printing is smaller, giving the white margin a whiter appearance, the perforations are also different. The official postcard to the set was printed in Berlin.

This was the first time the printing works in Vienna was used for printing German stamps. In the future most of the commemorative issues for Germany would be printed in Vienna, a lot of the occupation issues much latter, would also be printed in Vienna. However, the Definitve issues (and issues for the Free State of Danzig) would be printed in Berlin.








8th April 1938. Hitlers Birthday Issue


This stamp was issued for Hitlers 49th birthday (20th April 1938).

On sale in Germany 8th April, on sale in Austria from 19th April.
Valid in Austria from the 13th April.





21st June 1938. German Storts Event in Breslau


Set of four stamps showing views of Breslau




5th July 1938. Airmail Set


Issued for the 100th Birthday of Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin




Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin




Airship LZ 129 "Hindenburg"


20th July 1938. The Brown Ribbon Race in Munich 1938


The 5th year of the Brown Ribbon Races in Munich





1st September 1938. Nuremburg Rally stamp and postcard


The Nuremburg Rally of 1938 was the first one in the new Greater Germany (Grossdeutschland), the new name for Germany since the union with Austria. Although the term "Grossdeutschland" was not to be seen on stamps until 1943, it is to be found in the cancellations of 1938 in Nuremburg. In fact Hitler went further, he said at Nuremburg that Germany would be mobilised to protect Germans in the Sudetenland, bringing a further 3.5 million into the Reich (plus the 6.5 million Austrians).







9th October 1938. Opening of the Saarpfalz Theater


The commorative set for the opening of the Saarpfalz Theater. The stamps were only available at first in Saarbrücken and then a short while later in the rest of Germany.




18th November 1938. Winter Relief Fund 1938


Motive: "Austrian Flowers and Austrian Scenes"

A set of nine stamps for the Winter Relief Fund




2nd December 1938. The Sudetenland vote for union with Germany


The vote was held on 4th December 1938 and two stamps and an official postcard were issued, the stamps on the 2nd December and the postcard on 4th December 1938.






 
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